Political Science > International Relations > Download, free read

Governing the World Trade Organization by Thomas Cottier download in pdf, ePub, iPad

Finally, there are many working groups and committees. Specific sectors such as agriculture have been addressed, as well as issues dealing with anti-dumping. More recently, developed countries have started to allow duty-free and quota-free imports for almost all products from least-developed countries. The Ministerial Conference can take decisions on all matters under any of the multilateral trade agreements.

So too are those on dumping exporting at below cost to gain market share and subsidies. Based in Geneva, Switzerland, the Ministerial Committee, which holds meetings at least every two years, makes the top decisions.

Specific sectors such

This was to be an ambitious effort to make globalization more inclusive and help the world's poor, particularly by slashing barriers and subsidies in farming. For goods, these bindings amount to ceilings on customs tariff rates. In developed countries the rates actually charged and the bound rates tend to be the same. One of the achievements of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade talks was to increase the amount of trade under binding commitments see table. Its goal is to ensure that trade flows as smoothly and predictably as possible.

This sounds like a contradiction. Frequently this is the case in developing countries. Thus, a country becomes limited in its choices. The Bottom Line Free trade fosters investment into other countries, which can help boost the economy and eventually the standard of living of all countries involved. In specific circumstances, governments are able to restrict trade.

Finally there are

As globalization proceeds in today's society, the necessity of an International Organization to manage the trading systems has been of vital importance. It oversees the implementation, administration and operation of the covered agreements.

As the trade volume increases, issues such as protectionism, trade barriers, subsidies, violation of intellectual property arise due to the differences in the trading rules of every nation. At the end of the Uruguay Round, developing countries were prepared to take on most of the obligations that are required of developed countries.