Encyclopedia of Social Welfare History in North America by John M. Herrick download in pdf, ePub, iPad
From the s to the s American assistance to the needy was largely charitable rather than government sponsored. Despite often being linked to the growth of social democracy, the welfare state in Europe has had broad political backing throughout the twentieth century, even from conservative political regimes. These programs influenced only fractions of any nation's population. Parenthood is nowadays a project of individual importance to men and women and a right which the state has taken upon itself to guarantee. Just as important was the increasing tendency since the s for mothers to work outside the home.
As yet there was no legislation to prevent occupational diseases, nor was there much in the way of any schemes for social insurance for anyone. At midcentury and later the public sanitation movement swept through the German-speaking lands. Social Welfare in an Age of Hierarchy, Efficiency, and System Between the s and the s, the Western world was dominated by a new set of ideas about how to organize human experience. The late birthing age at the beginning and end of the twentieth century has two different explanations.
In these five decades many of the European nations also imitated the United States in adopting mass public education and mass adult male suffrage. Europe, then, by the early twentieth century, had created a variety of nationally administered and financed welfare schemes to cover unemployment, illness, disability, and old age. The former is the case in the north, while the latter applies to southern and mid-Europe. It remained important into the next century, when the germ theory of disease redirected public health and sanitary science efforts. The law neither alleviated nor solved the problem.
Firstly, in agricultural societies starting a family required a degree of financial stability. The tool of state intervention was powerful, authoritarian German bureaucracy. The reason for this was the rising power and prestige of American doctors in the twentieth century based on their identification with experimental science.
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